Methods for reporters and scientists. Moving the program of interview into the right way
When it comes to optimal timeframe associated with interview, training implies that about a minute of oral speech when decoding an meeting is corresponding to about 10 typewritten lines. Proceeding with this, it is necessary to gauge the right period of the conversation with all the area allocated because of this in a magazine or magazine, essay or research paper. Then it makes no sense to talk for more than 25-30 minutes (taking into account the fact that oral translation is always reduced in volume due to clearer formulations, deletions of repetitions, etc.) if the volume of the text should be 100-150 lines (2-3 pages – the standard size of the interview),. During this time period, a journalist usually can ask three main questions (to touch on three topics) and 3-4 extra questions to every of those. For additional concerns, the rule is the fact that they must be set “in depth” rather than “in breadth”, that is, to specify the important points of exactly what has already been said, rather than to inquire of about brand new facts of the identical order.
The motion within the interview takes place in four guidelines:
- slip at the center.
Going ahead and laterally in the meeting
Moving forward is a gradual study of just one topic or even a change from subject to topic. The movement is slow, in the second – fast in the first case. The optimal rate is plumped for for every case, nevertheless the journalist should avoid extremes-as paid papers an exorbitant deepening into the subject, when questions start to concern details being uninteresting to a wide range of visitors, and exorbitant acceleration, as soon as the journalist, after one question about this topic, moves about the next, then to yet the following and for that reason, none for the topics tend to be more or less fully disclosed. Such an meeting can resemble the scene through the screen of the high-speed electric train, with regards to a specific landscape to begin with, because it straight away ends.
Movement into the part occurs when the main subject of conversation slips into an in depth conversation of every of their aspects. You need to act from the circumstances, however in any case, try not to lose control of some time ensure that it it is sufficient stock to ask all of the primary concerns on the subject or several topics of this meeting. Come back to the main backbone associated with the conversation happens through the opening or filtering problems described above.
Movement backwards and slipping at the center
Movement backwards happens if the journalist demands explanation and clarification of what had been stated. Sometimes this will make feeling, but strategically, the movement that is backward be avoided, as time is squandered, additionally the development of the subject will not happen.
Sliding in a single host to the meeting begins if the journalist calls into question the statements of this interlocutor and begins to argue with him. Beginning a dispute is quite risky. It constantly requires a complete lot of time, and it will come out that the journalist merely won’t have time for you to ask their concerns and will also be kept with absolutely nothing. Within an case that is extreme you can easily get into a dispute by the end of the meeting, once the answers towards the primary questions have been completely received.